Migrational Fields: Farming and the Chinese Urban Village

[bracket] | Elizabeth Nguyen | Liu Peng | Marissa Cheng | Neeraj Bhatia | Yang Jiang

Published in "Bracket 1 [on Farming]", 2010

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To be an urban or rural citizen in China carries vast distinctions in rights and duties. The hukou system was implemented by the Chinese Government as a means to register and classify each citizen as either rural (nonghu) or urban (chenghu), effectively polarizing the populace into lower-class farmers and upper-class urban citizens. The establishment of stringent policies to deter rural citizens from acquiring urban status and the associated benefits has resulted in grave tensions that culminate in the formation of an ‘urban village.’

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Research supported by Paul Sun Travel Grant, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Tsinghua University.