Tigre Cerrada: Politics of Enclosure in South America

Elisa Tangheroni

A project by: Elisa Tangheroni
Locatio: Tigre (MABA), Argentina
Year: 2016-2018
Photography: Maria Bruna Malcangi, Alessandra Platania, Elisa Tangheroni

This visual geography study and series of interviews focuses on the boundaries and accesses of the two dominant types of clusters in the municipality of Tigre – MABA (Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires): barrio cerrado (gated community) and barrio sociales or villa miseria (slum). Both realities, with different characteristics, are impenetrable neighborhoods which contribute to a massive ghettoisation of the city.

What makes the villas miseria enclosed neighborhoods is the isolation dictated by the marginal localization within the territory and the control of each access by micro-criminality (which is similar in Tigre to common mechanisms present in slums). A deeper analysis is needed to understand the motivations that have led to a large increase in enclosed residential neighborhoods for the middle-high class in the last 20 years. In 1994, only 1450 families lived in gated communities in the MABA. By 19961 the number was 4000, and the increase was even more remarkable after Argentina’s crisis in 2001.

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