BioMat: Modular Sustainable Architecture


The Mock-up demonstrates a vision for modular sustainable architecture, where annually renewable biomaterials are digitally additively fabricated to produce minimal surface modular units, which are versatile and reusable in diverse geometric constellations.

The Mock-up is 2 m high, consists of 14 modules and weighs only 20 kg. The identical modules were assembled into different foam-like lightweight compositions. The modules were fabricated by digitally tailoring natural flax fibers into specific 2D patterns following optimized structural and parametric geometrical deviations. These were later formed using a vacuum-assisted molding process into the final 3D shapes.

This project is a result of three months of intensive work including computational architectural design, structural simulations, and optimizations as well as the digital fabrication phases.

The course was provided by the BioMat Group at ITKE, led by Dr. Hanaa Dahy in cooperation with the Institute of Aircraft Design, Faculty 06: Aerospace Engineering and Geodesy at the University of Stuttgart, led by Dr. Peter Middendorf, and the Open Mechanics group at the Faculty of Civil Engineering at Czech Technical University in Prague, led by Dr. Jan Zeman.

The Mock-up was created in cooperation between architects, engineers, and eight architecture students with the financial support from the University of Stuttgart (Project Stuttgarter Change Labs), the German Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR e.V.) at BMEL: LeichtPro Project: FKZ 22027018, and from Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) under Germany’s Excellence Strategy EXC 2120/1-390831618 (Research Project 06).