Public Space as a StageArnold Reijndorp
Published in "Public Space Acupuncture", 2015
Public Space as a Stage: the Symbolic Economy and Interventions in Public Places essay written by Arnold Reijndorp. Extracted from Public Space Acupuncture – Strategies and Interventions for Activating City Life.
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 See for example: Anthony Vidler, “The Scenes of the Street: Transformations in Ideal and Reality, 1750-1871,” in Anthony Vidler, The Scenes of the Street and Other Essays, New York: Monacelli Press, 2011.  Michel de Certeau, The Practice of Everyday Life, Berkeley etc.: University of California Press, 1984.  Victor Turner, The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-structure, London: Taylor and Francis, 1969; see also: Arnold Reijndorp, “No Slaughterhouse without a Fair: The Anti-Structure of a Dutch City,” in Heidi de Mare and Anna Vos (eds.), Urban Rituals in Italy and the Netherlands: Historical Contrasts in the Use of Public Space, Architecture and the Urban Environment, Assen: Van Gorcum.  Sharon Zukin, The Cultures of Cities, Cambridge (Mass.): Blackwell, 1996.  Anselm Strauss, Images of the American City, New York: Free Press, 1961; Lyn Lofland, “Social Life in the Public Realm,” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 17(1989)4, 453-482.  Ray Pahl, Whose City? And Other Essays on Sociology and Planning, London: Longman,1970.  Sharon Zukin, Naked Cities: The Death and Life of Authentic Urban Places, New York: Oxford University Press, 2010, 24.  See: www.co-plan.org.  For an excellent description of the differences between Paris and London at this point, see: David Olsen, The City as a Work of Art, Newhaven and London: Yale University Press,1986.  See: Peter Hall, “As Good as Europe Gets,” in: Town and Country Planning, December 2009, 510-513.