Invisible City: Telecommunications

Kazys Varnelis

Published in "The Infrastructural City: Networked Ecologies in Los Angeles", 2008

The patch of asphalt at the east end of Wilshire Boulevard, where it dead-ends into Grand Street, is covered in what appears, at first glance, to be random graffiti. A closer look, however, reveals it to be a secret code.



120-149-infracity5
Fiber optic networks, Los Angeles © Kazys Varnelis

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[1] Fredric Jameson, “Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism,” New Left Review 146 (July/ August 1984): 53-92.
[2] Jameson, “Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism,” 81.
[3] Jameson, “Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism,” 80-83.
[4] See Ernest Mandel, Late Capitalism (London: NLB Atlantic Highlands Humanities Press, 1975).
[5] Jameson, “Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism,” 89-92.
[6] Lewis Mumford, The City in History (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1961), 563-567.
[7] For more on the regime of the invisible, see my article “Breve Historia de la Horizontalidad: 1968/9-2001/2,” Pasajes de Arquitectura y Crítica (Marzo 2003), 38-41.
[8] Los Angeles Madison Complex, thecentraloffice.com
[9] Manuel Castells, The Rise of the Network Society, 2nd ed. (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2000), 409.
[10] For more on One Wilshire, see “Ether” by Robert Sumrell and Kazys Varnelis [AUDC] Blue Monday. Stories of Absurd Realities and Natural Philosophies (Barcelona: ACTAR, 2007), 48-89.