WoodHood: The Future of Urban DevelopmentADEPT
ADEPT and Karres en Brands have been named winners of a highly ambitious 80 ha urban development in Köln, Germany inspired by the garden city. WoodHood shows an alternative approach to the future of urban development, allowing both sustainability and landscape to become primary drivers of urbanism.
The future of urbanism is green, sustainable and collective. With a convincing proposal for the future of Kreuzfeld in Köln, WoodHood, by ADEPT and Karres en Brands with collaborators Argus and Metabolic, pays tribute to Ebenezer Howard’s well-known plan. But WoodHood is more than the classic garden city. It is a vision for a new typology of urbanism, one that requires a different approach to planning – a courageous way of rethinking the connection between city and landscape.
The immense landscape of the site has inspired an alternative approach to the development of a new urban district in a unique location. Instead of defining the urban structure by typologies, buildings, streets or even technology, in WoodHood the urban layout is defined by the landscape and its cultural traces. It draws from the local history of settlement, the nature and the surrounding forests; its framework is defined by soil types, planting, the use of water, the play of sun and shade, and the ever-changing seasons.
Martin Laursen, partner at ADEPT explains: “The entire process for the development of the new district in Cologne Kreuzfeld, WoodHood, was designed with the future in mind and in dialogue with numerous local stakeholders to ensure local anchorage. WoodHood is a new type of city where you live in collective communities in close relation to nature. The overall approach is pushing the boundaries to create a pilot project for future sustainable urbanism.”
Darius Reznek, partner at Karres en Brands continues: “WoodHood consists of five ‘Hoods’ with varied densities and character – from more urban and defined to more nature and a porous structure. The design and its integration with the landscape ensure both urban quality and connections to the existing city from even the first phases.”
WoodHood is not a simple extension of the existing city but a district in its own right. It consists of five individual ‘Hoods’, each Hood with its own character and tailored functions. The design of WoodHood combines an urban structure with an almost village-like community that defines a new kind of city typology. A major focus is encouraging community, as well as collective and shared functions to minimize private space and enhance the quality of public spaces. The historic landscape structure of woods and fields is integrated into WoodHood, making space for both active and recreational programs. At the same time, the open green spaces form a complex ecosystem that offers climate protection, water storage, microclimate and ecology. The mobility structure is based on a fine-grained network for bicycle and pedestrian traffic. A differentiated network of paths makes the use of bicycles or walking within the neighborhood attractive and ensures a very good connection to the existing city. Access for motorized individual traffic is allowed, but not encouraged.
Mayor Henriette Reker comments: “The selected design corresponds to our great ambitions and our high standards, because we want to launch a particularly innovative, sustainable and multi-layered urban development and open space concept. We also place high demands on the issues of environmental compatibility, energy efficiency and sustainability.”